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Various Stages Of Gum Diseases

Gum or periodontal disease is not only a disease of gums, it is an inflammation and infection of the connective gum tissues that can affect the gums, teeth and the tooth bone. You can visit an emergency dentist Edmonton for your oral examination and see if you have gum disease. There are 3 stages of gum diseases and the symptoms are easy to identify such as swelling, redness, and bleeding of gums.

Stage 1: Gingivitis

Gingivitis is gum inflammation without affecting the tooth bone. In this stage, a person may have bleeding gums and experience pain while chewing. They may also have bad breath due to excessive bacteria. Other symptoms of gingivitis include tender or swollen gums, gum redness, gum recession, and the formation of pockets between teeth and gums. Gingivitis is generally caused due to harmful bacteria in mouth or plaque buildup. These bacteria attack the gum tissues along and below the gum line thus, causing inflammation. The worst part about this disease is that it is often overlooked and ignored due to minor symptoms. If identified, gingivitis can be easily reversed with the help of proper brushing and flossing, careful diet and medication. However, if ignored, gingivitis can lead to the next stage of periodontal or gum disease which is known as periodontitis.

Stage 2: Early Periodontitis

Early periodontitis is a stage when the gums are even more inflamed and a partial tooth bone loss is experienced which results in loose permanent teeth. This happens when plaque hardens into tartar and reaches below the gum line. Tartar is difficult to remove with only brushing and need professional treatment. Periodontitis can be treated with the help of medication and non-surgical methods such as in-depth cleanings, scaling and root planing. The major focus of this treatment is to remove the plaque or tartar buildup from the teeth surfaces and gum line so that they don’t affect the gum tissues any further. If not treated in time, periodontitis can become serious and result in even more painful gum disease which is known as advanced periodontitis.

Stage 3: Advanced Periodontitis

During advanced or severe periodontitis, the connective gum tissues are completely destroyed and the pockets between the gum and teeth deepen. This results in gum recession and severe bone loss that also leads to loose or shaky teeth. Harmful bacteria can easily settle in these deep pockets and further result in decays and cavities. These deeper pockets may even be filled with pus which results in unbearable pain and bleeding. This is the final stage of gum diseases and is very difficult to reverse. A root scaling treatment can work to some extent to cure advanced periodontitis. Tooth extraction and intense cleaning are the only options if root scaling doesn’t work.

Prevent gum or periodontal diseases from growing serious with the help of regular professional cleaning. If you are already experiencing any of these symptoms, take proper precautionary measures and visit an emergency dentist Edmonton.